Sardis


Sardis was one of the seven churches to which the Revelator addresses.  Revelation 1:10 I was in the spirith on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet 11saying, "Write in a book what you see and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamum, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea."

According to Graham Levy, the earliest known coins were changing hands in the 6th century BC in Anatolia, in the kingdom of Lydia. Around 550 BC, King Croesus minted metal coins, made from electrum, a natural alloy of gold and silver found in the River Pactolus that flowed past Sardis, Lydia's capital. This was 98% gold. A punch and anvil die was used to stamp the coins with what is assumed to be the Lydian emblem of a lion, or a lion's paws, cutting the metal to reveal its consistency. (The Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia).


Persian King, Cyrus, built a vast empire in 549 BC. He conquered Assyria and liberated Jews to return to their homeland in 538 BC. Of an estimated 150,000 Jews, a third returns to Jerusalem.
Cyrus, the Persian King, was attacking the kingdom of Lydia. King Croesus sent a delegation with abundant gifts to the priestess of Delphi to receive an oacle. He received an oracle: If the king crosses a certain river in Lydia, he will ruin a great kingdom. He expected to win, but was roundly defeated.

According to a legend King Croesus had many visitors. He asked Solon who was the happiest man he ever saw, and Solon named others. When Croesus showed displeasure, Solon said that no one knows what Gods have in store for him. After a few years, King Cyrus was trying to burn Croesus on stakes and he shouted Solon's name a few times. After learning Solon's story, King Cyrus released Croesus.

The amphitheater in Delphi
Impacts of Christianity on Greece

The Greek temple at Delphi was destroyed by Christians. Whe Cyrus, the Persian King, was attacking the kingdom of Lydia. King Croesus sent a delegation with abundant gifts to the preistess of Delphi to receive an oacle. He received an oracle: If the king crosses a certain river in Lydia, he will ruin a great kingdom. He expected to win, but was roundly defeated and destroyed his own kingdom.