Matthew 22:19: Show Me the Tax Money


Chinese coins

Japanese coins

Here are some samples of historic coins of the world. The first gold coins struck by King Kroesus, those of Alexander the Great, Phillip II, Julius Caesar , Cleopatra, Brutus, Augustus Caesar, Emeperor Constantine, her monther Helena, and Japanese, Chinese and Byzantine coins.
Source: British Museum.

The silver denarius of Julius Caesar may have been the coin Jesus received from the crowd at his temple talk.

  First gold coins
electrum electrum
lydia lydia
coin  
coin Lydia

cyzicus cyzicus
  Greek coins
coin coin
philip philip
Alexander the Great (#10) and Philip II (#11)
A gold coin depicting Alexander the Great.
alexander alexander
  Roman coins


These are the coins used during the times of Jesus.
The silver denarius was the most common coin then, and was worth one day's wage for common laborers and soldiers.

(Matthew 22:17-21 NKJV)

17 "Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?" 18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, "Why do you test Me, [you] hypocrites? 19 "Show Me the tax money." So they brought Him a denarius. 20 And He said to them, "Whose image and inscription [is] this?" 21 They said to Him, "Caesar's." And He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."

Matthew 20:1-2 RSV

"For the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard."

coin coin
coin coin
augustus augustus
coins coins
a
Solidus of Byzantine emperor (left)
a
sestertius sestertius
judea judea

diocletian

maxentius

When Maximian asked him to resume the reins of the Roman empire, "he rejected the temptation with a smile of pity, calmly observing that, if he could show Maximian the cabbages which he had planted with his own hands at Salona, he should no longer be urged to relinquish the enjoyment of happiness for the pursuit of power." (Gibbon, The Decline and the Fall of the Roman Empire, Chapter XIII, 1960).



Helena was Constantine's mother. At her suggestion, Constantine builds the Holy Sepulchure Church (Jesus' Tomb) in Jerusalem.
  Coins of European countries
otto otto
gold gold
thaler amsterda
ducat ducat
spanish spanish
standard standard